Battery 131

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Battery 131 (1945-194?) - A World War II era reinforced concrete coastal artillery battery built in 1943-1945 on Camp Hayden, Washington. Guns were scrapped and removed about 1948 but the concrete Battery support structure remains.

Camp Hayden, Battery 131 Gun #2 Foreground, Gun # 1 Background
Battery 131 Gun #2 Firing
Battery 131 Gun Emplacement #1
Battery 131 Gun Emplacement #2

Battery 131 History

Part of the Harbor Defense of Puget Sound. Protected the entrance to Puget Sound, Victoria BC harbor, and the Canadian Esquimalt naval base. The 16" guns could fire one-ton projectiles nearly 28 miles and covered much of the Straight of Juan De Fuca.

Battery 131 was a battery of two, 16", MarkII-M1, Long Range naval guns on M1919M4 Barbette carriages. Each gun position was in a reinforced concrete casemate. Construction began 30 Oct 1942 and was completed 10 May 1945. The Battery was turned over for service 7 Jun 1945 at a cost of $1,557,500. The battery entered service a month after the war was over in Europe and two months before the war with Japan was over.

Battery 131 Main Corridor

The casemates were 500 feet apart at either end of an earth covered reinforced concrete support structure. The support structure housed a powder and shell room for each of the two gun emplacements along with storage rooms and latrines. Electrical power to operate the guns was furnished by three 375 KVA diesel engine powered generator sets positioned in the center of the battery. No commercial power was available. Each gun emplacement had four electric motors that 1) traversed the gun which was mounted on a turntable, 2) elevated the gun, 3) rammed the projectiles into the breech and 4) ventilated the emplacement. Heating, air conditioning and humidity control was provided to keep the shells and powder at a constant temperature and humidity.
Electric torches and dynamite were used to break up the guns in 1948, creating 500 tons of scrap steel worth $30 a ton. The guns originally cost several million dollars apiece.

Battery 131 Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 16" Rifle 68'3.75" MarkII-M1 51 Midvale Barbette, M4, #37, Watertown 1945-1948
2 16" Rifle 68'3.75" MarkII-M1 89 Bethlehem Barbette, M4, #38, Watertown 1945-1948
Source: Coast Defense Study Group
Battery 131 Plan


Current Status

Part of Salt Creek Recreation Area, Camp Hayden Callam County Park. No guns or carriages in place and the interior rooms of the battery are locked up.


Location: Tongue Point, Camp Hayden, Clallam County, Washington

Maps & Images

Lat: 48.1639 Long: -123.70206

Recent Blog Posts:

See Also:

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project, Harbor Defenses of Puget Sound, (CCA-AN-PS), 12 Aug 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: 16 Apr 2010, 22 Jun 2009

Battery 131 Picture Gallery

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