Battery AMTB 22 - Fort Story

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Battery AMTB 22 - Fort Story (1943-1950) - Battery AMTB 22 - Fort Story was a reinforced concrete World War II AMTB rapid fire 90mm gun battery on Fort Story, Virginia Beach City, Virginia. Battery construction started 16 Feb 1943, was completed 13 Apr 1943 and transferred to the Coastal Artillery for use 30 Dec 1943 at a cost of $5,085.76. Deactivated in 1950.

World War II

Part of the Harbor Defense of Chesapeake Bay.
The AMTB Battery 22 at Fort Story consisted of two 90mm guns mounted on 90mm M3 fixed gun mounts, two 90mm guns mounted on 90mm M1A1 mobile gun mounts. Concrete pads were provided for both fixed guns and often wooden gun platforms were provided for the mobile guns. Two earth covered concrete magazines provided protection for the ammunition. Electric power was provided by M-7 portable generators and the post power system.

The battery had a dual mission of defense against fast enemy motor torpedo boats and enemy aircraft. The effective range of the guns was about 8,000 yards or 4.5 miles. Each weapon required a crew of 15, 9 men in the gun squad and 6 men in the ammunition squad.


AMTB Front View
AMTB Interior View
AMTB Side View
AMTB Back View

The above photos were taken at Fort Monroe, Battery Parrott

From FM 4-91: "This weapon consists of the 90-mm gun M1 and top carriage M1A1 on the 90-mm gun mount M3. The mount M3 is of the turret type, the shielding being constructed of boiler plates. This boiler plate shield provide fragmentation protection only. No shielding is provided at the rear due to the requirements for service of the piece. A sighting port in the shielding in front permits sighting in direction by the gun pointer."

References:

  • FM 4-91 - 90-MM Gun, Fixed Mount Service of the Piece
  • FM 4-126 - Antiaircraft Artillery, Service of the Piece, 90-mm Antiaircraft Gun
  • TM 9-373 - 90-mm Gun M1 and 90-mm Gun Mount T3 (M3)


Battery AMTB 22 - Fort Story Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 5113 Watervliet Pedestal Mount, M3, #138, GM 1943-1946
2 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 6865 GM Pedestal Mount, M3, #58, GM 1943-1946
M 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 3195 Watervliet Mobile Mount, M1A1, #976, AC 1943-1946
M 90mm Rifle 186.15" M1 3199 Watervliet Mobile Mount, M1A1, #978, AC 1943-1946
Source:
1.RCW Form 1, 30 Dec 1943.
2. Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 80-81
3. NARA RG165, E257 Box 68 - Bolling Smith
Battery AMTB 22 - Fort Story Plan


Current Status

No period gun or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Story, Virginia Beach City, Virginia. Map point is approximate.

Maps & Images

Lat: 36.93047 Long: -76.01837

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Chesapeake Bay, (HDCB-AP-45), 1 Nov 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: No


Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox