Battery Mitchell (2)
Battery Mitchell (2) (1905-1917) - Battery Mitchell was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Greble (2), Newport County, Rhode Island. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after Captain David D. Mitchell, 15th U.S. Infantry, who was killed 17 Sep 1900, in action with insurgent Filipinos at Mavitac, Laguna Province, Luzon Philippine Islands. Battery construction started in August 1903, was completed in December 1904 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 29 Dec 1905 at a cost of $ 85,360.00. Deactivated in 1917.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Narragansett Bay.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with three 6" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 disappearing carriages. This is a two story battery with the guns on the upper level and the magazines on the lower level. No shell or powder hoists provided.
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. On 24 Aug 1917 all three guns at Battery Mitchell were ordered dismounted for use abroad. The guns were transferred to Watervliet on 27 Nov 1917 and all three eventually made it to France. The carriages were ordered scrapped on 26 May 1920 as a part of the World War I disarmament program. Battery Mitchell was not rearmed.
In 1921 a pair of 3" M1917 anti-aircraft (AA) guns were mounted in front of emplacements #2 and #3 and accepted for service 29 Oct 1921.
In 1923 a mining casemate was built into the lower rooms of gun emplacement #1 and accepted for service 6 Jul 1923.
Part of Dutch Island State Wildlife Management Area. No period guns or mounts in place.