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Battery Parrott (1906-1943) - Battery Parrott was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 12 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Monroe, Virginia. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903 after Capt. Robert P. Parrott, Ordnance Department, U.S. Army, inventor of the Parrott guns and projectiles, who died 24 Dec 1877, at Cold Spring, New York. Battery construction started on 2 May 1902, was completed in April 1906 and transferred to the Coastal Artillery for use 29 Jun 1906 at a cost of $ 211,500.00. Deactivated in 1943.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Chesapeake Bay.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 12" M1900 guns mounted on M1901 disappearing carriages.
This is a two story battery with the guns mounted on the top level and the magazines located on the lower level. Projectiles and powder were moved from the magazines on the lower level to the loading platform on the upper level by hoists, one for each gun emplacement.
The shell hoists were electric motor driven Taylor-Raymond back delivery hoists accepted in 1906. The shell hoists were modified for the newer long point shells in 1913-14.
Power for lighting and electric motors was furnished by a power room in right flank of the battery and a separate reserve power house also on the right flank of the battery.
A BC Station and plotting room in the rear traverse of the battery was accepted for service 7 Nov 1910 at a cost of $ 3,696.12.
|1||12" Rifle||504"||M1900||3||Watervliet||Disappearing, M1901, #1, Watertown||1906-1928||See note 1|
|2||12" Rifle||504"||M1900||5||Watervliet||Disappearing, M1901, #10, Watertown||1906-1928||See note 2|
|Replacement Gun Tubes 1928|
|?||12" Rifle||444"||M1895MI||67||Watervliet||Disappearing, M1901, #?, Watertown||1928-1943||See note 3|
|?||12" Rifle||444"||M1895||31||Watervliet||Disappearing, M1901, #?, Watertown||1928-1943||See note 4|
|Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Jul 1919, Coastal Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 150-151, 209|
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Parrott were not affected by the World War I redistribution but the two M1900 gun tubes were swapped out for one M1895 gun tube and one M1895MI gun tube in 1928.
The guns and carriages were removed in May 1943 to make way for Battery AMTB 23 - Parrott which was built into Battery Parrott's two gun emplacements.
Battery Parrot was modified for an AMTB Battery in 1943 and Gun Emplacement #1 now contains one of the few nearly complete AMTB 90mm guns and mounts remaining. This gun is not the original at Fort Monroe but came from the Battery AMTB Fisherman Island installation at Fisherman Island, Virginia. The battery is deteriorating and off limits to all personnel.
Location: Fort Monroe, Virginia
Maps & Images Lat: 37.0020643 Long: -76.3048527
Visited: 22 Jul 2010
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