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Battery Robinson (1902-1917) - Battery Robinson was a concrete Endicott Period 5" gun battery located on Fort Hunt, Fairfax County, Virginia. The Battery was named 15 may 1903 for 1st Lt. Levi H. Robinson, 14th U.S. Infantry, who was killed in 1874 by hostile Indians in Wyoming. Battery construction started in November 1898, was completed by 30 Jun 1901 and transferred to the Coastal Artillery for use 26 Aug 1902 at a total cost of $ 9,200. Deactivated in 1917.
Battery Robinson History
Part of the Harbor Defense of the Potomac.
Battery Robinson was a reinforced concrete Endicott Period 5" rapid fire gun battery with one M1897 gun mounted on an M1896 Carriage. The battery consisted of one 5" gun emplacement with a magazine below and an observation station.
The carriage was sent to Fort Hunt on 16 Jul 1900 from the Bethlehem Iron Company and the guns were mounted by 30 Jun 1902.
|1||5" Rifle||M1897||2||Bethlehem||Balanced Pillar Mount, M1896, #17, Bethlehem||1902-1917||See Note 1|
Rounds fired 6
|Source: Coastal Defense Study Group, RCW Form 1 1 Feb 1919, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 88, 209|
Note 1: Gun removed 31 Dec 1917 CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA, Mount scrapped 12 Dec 1918, CDSG gun carriage card collection from NARA.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Robinson was deactivated in 1917 and the gun was removed 31 Dec 1917 and shipped to the Morgan Engineering Company for modification to a 3.3" gun. It was eventually shipped to France, returned to Aberdeen and then donated to a John M. Wolfe, Bryan, Ohio. The mount was designated to be scrapped on 12 Dec 1918.
On Fort Hunt National Park, Fairfax County, Virginia. No period guns or carriages are in place.
Location:On Fort Hunt National Park, Fairfax County, Virginia.
Maps & Images Lat: 38.7155167 Long: -77.0473149
Visited: 4 Apr 2009
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