King George's War (1744-1748)
Captain Moses Rice arrived in Charlemont in 1742 and built a fortified home along the riverside east-west trail. His home became a stopping-off point for travelers and militia men moving between posts. This fortified home became one of a line of forts along the northwest corner of Massachusetts built during King George's War at the direction of Governor Shirley. Captain Rice and his command also built Fort Shirley (1) at Rowe.
Rice's Fort was apparently continuously garrisoned because of its strategic location along the river trail.
French & Indian War (1754-1763)
Captain Moses Rice and Phineas Rice were killed in 1755 by hostile Indians who tomahawked and scalped Captain Rice. After Captain Rice's death his son Samuel took over the fort and later moved it closer to the river.