Adair SAGE Direction Center DC-13

From FortWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Adair SAGE Direction Center DC-13 (1958-1969) - A Cold War SAGE System Direction Center first established in 1958 on Adair Air Force Station near Corvalis, Benton County, Oregon. Named Adair SAGE Direction Center after the location. Assigned a Sage ID of DC-13. Deactivated as a SAGE Direction Center in 1969.

Former Adair AFS SAGE Direction Center DC-13

History of Adair SAGE Direction Center

Established in 1958 and became operational on 15 Feb 1960 as Adair SAGE Direction Center DC-13. Adair Air Force Station was purpose built to accommodate the SAGE blockhouse and command structure associated with the direction center. Adair AFS had some 860 Air Force officers and enlisted men and 150 civilian support personnel when fully manned. With no nearby military support base the station was completely self sufficient complete with barracks, dining halls, married personnel housing, commissary and base exchange.

SAGE System Data Flow

Direction center equipment included the duplex FSQ-7 computer system and associated communication equipment. The FSQ-7 computer system assembled digitized inputs from USAF Radar Sites to provide tracking and identification of all aircraft within their sector of responsibility. The digitized radar inputs came from USAF Radar Sites, airborne radar pickets, Texas Towers, Gap Filler Radar Sites and other radar sources. The total picture of aircraft in the sector was assembled and any unknown aircraft were checked out and hostile aircraft were engaged by USAF fighter aircraft, Bomarc missiles or NIKE missiles. The primary defense was against the Soviet threat of a mass nuclear bomber attack on the US. The system evolved before the advent of ICBMs and provided no missile defense against them.

The computer technology was first generation vacuum tube equipment and required significant power and air conditioning. The physical plant of the direction center was enclosed in a large multi-story concrete blockhouse that housed the duplex FSQ-7 computer, communications equipment, a power house, air conditioning systems and operational areas. The operational areas included radar mapping, air surveillance, identification, communications and weapons direction.

The enormous cost of the radar sites, direction centers, personnel and training caused an immediate reevaluation and almost as quickly as they were built some facilities were closed. The first mass closures began in the 1960s when many radar sites and virtually all the gap filler sites were closed. The first round of direction center closures came in 1963 when six were closed, a second round in 1966 and a third in 1969 that closed a total of 17 out of 23. The remaining six direction centers became SAGE Regional Control Centers (RCCs) still using the massive FSQ-7 vacuum tube computers. As the direction centers and radar sites closed the remaining sites were realigned into ever increasing sectors.

A new Joint Surveillance System (JSS) evolved as a partnership between the Air Force and the FAA to provide nationwide radar coverage. When completed in 1983 it consisted of only forty-six radar sites feeding into four new Region Operation Control Centers (ROCCs) with FYQ-93 computer systems. With the activation of the four U.S. ROCCs and the two Canadian ROCCs the last seven of the SAGE direction centers were deactivated and this signaled the end of the SAGE system. Of the remaining forty-six radar sites, thirty-one had FAA operated search radars and USAF operated height finders. Five sites just had FAA search radars and only ten sites were operated by the Military. With the deployment of forty FAA ARSR-4 3D radar sets in the 1990s the earlier military and FAA radars were replaced.

The Canadians closed their underground SAGE Direction Center and created two ROCCs (CAN-East and CAN-West) using the FYQ-93 computers in the underground facility.

The Adair SAGE Direction Center was deactivated in the second round of closures in 1966 but SAGE operations continued until 15 Sep 1969. The radar sites connected to DC-13 were then deactivated, reconnected to other direction centers or became joint use FAA/USAF JSS radar sites.



Adair SAGE Direction Center DC-13 Radar Sites (edit list)
Location Type State Unit ADC NORAD JSS From To GPS Notes
Mill Valley AFS CA 666th P-38 Z-38 J-33 1963-08-01 1966-04-01 37.92389,
-122.59694
Mount Hebo AFS OR 689th M-100 Z-100 1960-03-01 1966-04-01 45.21583,
-123.75778
North Bend AFS OR 761st P-12 Z-12 1960-03-01 1966-04-01 43.53333,
-124.17639
Point Arena AFS CA 776th P-37 Z-37 J-34 1963-08-01 1966-04-01 38.88972,
-123.55028
Klamath AFS OR 777th P-33 Z-33 J-83 1960-03-01 1966-04-01 41.55917,
-124.08611
Keno AFS OR 827th TM-180 Z-180 J-82 1960-03-01 1966-04-01 42.06889,
-121.97222
Red Bluff AFS CA 859th SM-157 Z-157 J-62 1960-03-01 1966-04-01 40.14611,
-122.30444
Winnemucca AFS NV 658th M-127 Z-127 1966-04-01 1968-06-18 41.01111,
-117.7675
Burns AFS OR 634th M-118 Z-118 1966-04-01 1969-09-15 43.5625,
-119.15139
Fallon AFS NV 858th SM-156 Z-156 1966-04-01 1969-09-15 39.40528,
-118.72206
Tonopah AFS NV 866th SM-164 Z-164 1966-04-01 1969-09-15 38.05167,
-117.22556
Almaden AFS CA 682nd M-96 Z-96 1966-04-01 1969-09-15 37.15944,
-121.90028
Baker AFS OR 821st SM-149 Z-149 1966-04-01 1968-09-15 44.58639,
-117.78722

Current Status

Sage Direction Center blockhouse repurposed by private owner at Adair Village on the former Adair Air Force Station near Corvalis, Benton County, Oregon.


Location: Former Adair Air Force Station near Corvalis, Benton County, Oregon.

Maps & Images

Lat: 44.67168 Long: -123.21959

See Also:

Sources:

  • Winkler, David F., Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program, USAF Hq Air Combat Command, 1997, 192 pages, Pdf, page 150.
  • Cornett, Lloyd H. & Johnson, Mildred W., A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization (1946-1980), Office of History ADC, Peterson AFB, Colorado, 31 Dec 1980, 179 pages, Pdf, page 68.

Links:

Visited: 16 Aug 2015, 23 Sep 2007


Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
content
Share
Google AdSense
Toolbox