Battery AMTB - Fort Sumter
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Battery AMTB - Fort Sumter (1943-1946) - Battery AMTB - Fort Sumter was a World War II rapid fire 90mm gun battery on Fort Sumter, Charleston County, South Carolina. AMTB stands for Anti Motor Torpedo Boat. Battery construction started 12 Feb 1943, was completed 3 Apr 1943 and transferred to the Coastal Artillery for use 2 Jul 1943 at a cost of $ 13,470.53. Deactivated in 1946.
World War II (1941-1945)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Charleston.
The AMTB battery at Fort Sumter consisted of two 90mm M1 guns mounted on 90mm M3 fixed gun mounts and two 90mm M1 guns mounted on M1A1 mobile mounts. The mobile guns remained in storage until required. Concrete pads for both fixed guns were laid on the southeast parapet of the old fort. The battery had a dual mission of defense against fast enemy motor torpedo boats and enemy aircraft. The effective range of the guns was about 8,000 yards. Each weapon required a crew of 15, 9 men in the gun squad and 6 men in the ammunition squad.
From FM 4-91: "This weapon consists of the 90-mm gun M1 and top carriage M1A1 on the 90-mm gun mount M3. The mount M3 is of the turret type, the shielding being constructed of boiler plates. This boiler plate shield provide fragmentation protection only. No shielding is provided at the rear due to the requirements for service of the piece. A sighting port in the shielding in front permits sighting in direction by the gun pointer."
|2||90mm Rifle||186.15"||M1||6854||General Motors||Pedestal Mount, M3, #54, General Motors||1943-1946|
|3||90mm Rifle||186.15"||M1||6919||General Motors||Pedestal Mount, M3, #108, General Motors||1943-1946|
|Source: RCW Form 1, 15 Jun 1944, Coastal Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 80-81|
No period gun or mounts in place.
Location: Fort Sumter, Charleston County, South Carolina
Maps & Images Lat: 32.7523573 Long: -79.8746663
- U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Charleston, S.C., (HDCN-AN-45), 15 Mar 1945, CDSG
Visited: 23 Jan 2010
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