Battery Barbour (1898-1920) - Battery Barbour was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Wadsworth (1), Richmond County, New York. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after Capt. Philip N. Barbour (Cullum 777), 3rd U.S. Infantry, who was killed 21 Sep 1847, at the battle of Monterey, Mexico. Battery construction started in 1898, was completed in 1898 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 20 Dec 1899 at a cost of $ 9,165.33. Deactivated in 1920.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" Armstrong guns mounted on Armstrong pedestal carriages.
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere.
No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 15 Aug 2010