Battery Bumpus

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Battery Bumpus (1904-1946) - Battery Edward Bumpus was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Andrews (1), Plymouth County, Massachusetts. The battery was named in G.O. 194, dd mmm 1904, after 1st Lt. Edward A. Bumpus, 9th U.S. Infantry, who was killed in action at Balang, Island of Samar, Philippine Islands, 28 Sep 1901. Battery construction started in 1902, was completed in 1904, and the battery was transferred to the Coast Artillery for use on 29 December 1904, at a cost of $15,500. It was deactivated following the end of WW2.

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 3" M1902 guns mounted on M1902 Pedistal carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun platforms by hand. No shell or powder hoists were provided. Power was furnished by the emplacement power plant at Battery Cushing, at the foot of the eastern ridge of the fort.

Battery Bumpus Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 3" Rifle 154.35" M1902MI 51 Bethlehem Pedestal, M1902, #51, Bethlehem 1905-1946 See note 1
2 3" Rifle 154.35" M1902MI 52 Bethlehem Pedestal, M1902, #52, Bethlehem 1905-1946 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Apr 1921, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 72-73
Note 1: Carriages transferred from Bethlehem 30 Jun 1905. Guns and carriages processed for salvage 24 May 1946. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Bumpus Plan

World War I

The guns of Battery Bumpus were not affected by the World War I redistribution or the following 1920 disarmament program.

World War II

Battery Bumpus was a part of the Harbor Defenses of Boston plan throughout World War II. When the war ended in 1945 the battery was declared surplus. The guns and carriages were processed for salvage on 24 May 1946.

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place. The concrete of the upper levels of the battery is seriously spalled and deteriorated and was dangerous to ascend in 2010. The lower level magazines appear dry and intact.

Location: Fort Andrews, Plymouth County, Massachusetts

Maps & Images

Lat: 42.3018421 Long: -70.9285752

  • Multi Maps from ACME
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  • Elevation: 101.8.'


  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Boston, Massachusetts, (HDB-AN-45), 31 Jan 1945, CDSG


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