Battery Calwell (1907-1917) - Battery James Calwell is a reinforced concrete Endicott Period 6 inch gun battery on Fort Flagler, Washington. Named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Capt. James H. Calwell, Virginia Volunteers, who died in in the Mexican-American War, on 18 Sep 1847. Battery construction started in 1903 was completed in 1905 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 23 April 1907 at a cost of $ 89,500. Deactivated in 1917.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Puget Sound.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with four 6" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 disappearing carriages. This is a one story gun battery with two magazines, each serving two guns and a central multi purpose structure. Each gun and carriage sat on a raised loading platform. Shell carts were used to move the shells from the magazine to the loading platform stairs and the shells were hand carried to the loading platform. A separate powder passage was used to bring the powder from the magazine's powder room to the loading platform. No shell or powder hoists were needed or provided.
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The Guns from Battery Calwell were transferred back to Watervliet, 31 Dec 1917, reconfigured for mobile mounts, and sent to France in 1918. The guns were returned to the U.S. in 1919 and stored until 1942 when they were sent to Los Angeles Harbor Defense.
Battery Calwell was not rearmed after World War I.
A part of Fort Flagler State Park, Jefferson County, Washington. The Battery is accessible to the public and the rooms are clean and dry but empty. No guns or carriages are in place.
Visited: 28 Sept 2009