Battery Claiborne (1908-1918) - Battery Ferdinand Claiborne was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Wool (1), Virginia. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after BG Ferdinand L. Claiborne, U.S. Volunteers, who served with distinction during the War of 1812, and who died in February 1815. Battery construction started 10 Dec 1903, was completed in August 1908, and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use on 18 Aug 1908 at a cost of $ 55,000.00. Deactivated in 1918.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Chesapeake Bay.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 disappearing carriages. Battery Clairborne was a two-story battery with the guns on the upper level and a common shell and magazine room on the lower level. Electrical power was furnished by a power room located in the traverse between Battery Claiborne and Battery Dyer. No powder or shell hoists were provided.
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The gun tubes of Battery Claiborne were not directly affected by the World War I redistribution but they were removed in 1918 to replace the gun tubes in Battery Gates that were sent to France. The carriages were ordered scrapped 26 May 1920.
No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 23 Jun 2010