Battery Dix (1904-1944) - Battery Dix was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 12 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Wadsworth (1), Richmond County, New York. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after MG John A. Dix, U.S. Army, who served during the War of 1812 and the U.S. Civil War, and who died 21 Apr 1879, at New York City, New York. Battery construction started in 1900, was completed in 1902 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 17 Jun 1904 at a cost of $ 100,000. Deactivated in 1944.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 12" M1900 guns mounted on M1901 disappearing carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns mounted on the upper level and the magazines on the lower level. Two Hodges back delivery shell hoists moved the shells from the magazine level to the gun loading platform. The Hodges shell hoists were later replaced with two Taylor-Raymond electric shell hoists and the hoists were modified for the newer long point shells.
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Dix was not affected by either the World War I redistribution or the subsequent 1920 disarmament program.
Salvage of this Battery was authorized 23 Oct 1943, guns and carriages removed.
No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 15 Aug 2010