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Battery Elder (1904-1942) - Battery Samuel Elder was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort DuPont (1), Delaware. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Bvt. Ltc. Samuel S. Elder, U.S. Army (Maj, 2nd U.S. Artillery), who served with distinction during the U.S. Civil War, and who died 6 Apr 1885. Battery construction started 23 Mar 1903, was completed March 1904 and transferred to the Coastal Artillery for use 4 Mar 1904 at a cost of $ 18,383.36. Guns and carriages removed in 1942.
Part of the Harbor Defense of the Delaware.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 3" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 Barbette carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns mounted on the upper level and two magazines located in the lower level. Ammunition was hand carried from the magazine level to the gun loading level. No shell or powder hoists were provided. Electrical power for lighting was provided from Battery Best.
The carriages were not transferred from Watertown to Battery Elder until 6 May 1909 and the gun tubes were not mounted until March 1910.
|1||3" Rifle||169.92"||M1903||77||Watervliet||Barbette, M1903, #61, Watertown||1910-1942||See note 1|
|2||3" Rifle||169.92"||M1903||80||Watervliet||Barbette, M1903, #62, Watertown||1910-1942||See note 1|
|Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Sep 1922, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 74-75, 208|
Note 1: Carriages transferred from Watertown 6 May 1909. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Elder was not affected by the World War I redistribution or the following 1920 disarmament program.
Guns and carriages moved to Battery Liston, Liston Front Range Reservation , Bayview, Delaware, 11 may 1942 as temporary protection against Motor Torpedo Boats for the Reedy Island Navy Boom.
No period guns or mounts in place.
Location: Fort DuPont, New Castle County, Delaware
Maps & Images Lat: 39.5712082 Long: -75.5785963
Recent Blog Posts:
- U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of The Delaware, (HDDEL-AN-45), 1 Jul 1945, CDSG
Visited: 6 Aug 2010
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