Battery Engle (1)

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Battery Engle (1) (1898-1917) - Battery Engle was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 5 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Hancock (2), New Jersey. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after Capt. Archibald H. Engle, 13th U.S. Infantry, who was killed 14 May 1864, at the battle of Resaca, Georgia. Battery construction started in 1897, was completed in 1898 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 2 Jul 1898 at a cost of $ 4,700. Deactivated in 1917.

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with one 5" M1897 gun mounted on an M1896 balance pillar mount carriage.

Battery Engle Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 5" Rifle 225" M1897 2 Bethlehem Balance Pillar, M1896, #2, Watertown 1898-1917 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Jul 1921, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 88-89, 207
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Engle Plan


World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Engle's one gun was ordered dismounted for service abroad on 24 Aug 1917 and was reported as transferred on 18 Jul 1918. The gun was not replaced. After the removal of the gun, Battery Engle was repurposed with a C.R.F. station built over the gun well and a plotting room built into the magazine room, both for Battery Peck.

Current Status

Part of the Gateway National Recreation Area, Fort Hancock Unit. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Hancock, Monmouth County, New Jersey

Maps & Images

Lat: 40.4715816 Long: -74.006103

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 14 Aug 2010



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