Battery Fornance (1899-1920) - Battery Fornance was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 4.72 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Fremont, Beaufort County, South Carolina. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after Captain James Fornance, 13th U.S. Infantry, who died of wounds received at the battle of San Juan, Cuba, 1 Jul 1898. Battery construction was completed and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 2 Sep 1899 at a cost of $ 6,000.00. Deactivated in 1920.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Port Royal Sound.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 4.72" Armstrong guns mounted on Armstrong Pedestal mounts. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine to the elevated gun loading platform by hand. No shell or powder hoists were provided. Electrical power was furnished by the emplacement power plant in Battery Jesup.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Fornance were not affected by the World War I redistribution but the following 1920 disarmament program saw both guns removed. Both of the guns and mounts were transferred to Aberdeen on 19 Aug 1920 and subsequently donate for use as display guns.
No period guns or mounts in place. This battery appears to have had some brick and concrete construction on top of the gun emplacements.
Visited: 25 Jan 2010
Battery Fornance Picture Gallery