Battery Howe (2)

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Battery Howe (2) (1919-1945) - Battery Howe (2) was a reinforced concrete, Taft Period 12 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Funston, San Francisco County, California. The battery was named after Brigadier General Walter Howe (Cullum 2200) who died in 1915. Battery construction started in 1917, was completed in 1918 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 30 Jan 1919 at a cost of $ 8,355.93. Deactivated in 1945.

Battery Howe Armed 1938

World War I (1917-1918)

Part of the Harbor Defense of San Francisco.
Battery Howe Mortars

Originally built as a Taft Period concrete coastal mortar battery with four 12" M1890MI mortars mounted on M1896MI mortar carriages. This was an unusual mortar battery because all four of the mortars were in-line and the mortar pits were not physically separated.

Battery Battery Howe (2) Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
A1 12" Mortar 140" M1890MI 23 Builders Mortar, M1896MI, #96, Robert Poole 1919-1945 See note 1
A2 12" Mortar 140" M1890MI 28 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #95, Robert Poole 1919-1945 See note 1
B1 12" Mortar 140" M1890MI 46 Watervliet Mortar, M1896MI, #80, Robert Poole 1919-1945 See note 1
B2 12" Mortar 140" M1890MI 22 Bethlehem Mortar, M1896MI, #79, Robert Poole 1919-1945 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 1 Oct 1927, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 140-143, 214
Note 1:
Battery Howe (2) Plan

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The mortars of Battery Howe were apparently slated for overseas use but were ordered remounted and retained.

World War II (1941-1945)

The mortars and carriages of Battery Howe (2) were ordered salvaged on 7 Feb 1945, as World War II drew to a close.

Current Status

Part of the Golden Gate Recreation Area (GGNRA) administered by the National Park Service. This battery has been destroyed and probably buried under the great highway. No period guns or mounts in place.

Location: Fort Funston, San Francisco County, California

Maps & Images

Lat: 37.726944 Long: -122.506111


  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project Harbor Defenses of San Francisco, (CCA-P-SFB), 15 Nov 1945, CDSG


Visited: 24 Aug 2009

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