Battery Jackson

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Battery Jackson (1914-1943) - Battery Jackson was a reinforced concrete, Taft Period 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Kamehameha, Honolulu County, Hawaii. The battery was named in G.O. 72, 1913, after Brigadier General Henry Jackson, who died 28 Nov 1892. Battery construction started in December 1912, was completed in June 1914 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 17 Jun 1914 at a cost of $ 86,067.25. Deactivated in 1943.

Taft Period (1905-1915)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Pearl Harbor.

Originally built as a Taft Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1908 guns mounted on M1905M2 Disappearing carriages. This was a single story battery with the guns located on the same level as the magazines. Shells were moved from the magazines to the gun loading platform by shell carts. No shell or powder hoists were provided. Electrical power was furnished by the emplacement power plant and the one in Battery Hawkins.

Battery Jackson Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 6" Rifle 309.8" M1908 7 Watervliet Disappearing, M1905M2, #32, Watertown 1914-1943 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 309.8" M1908 13 Watervliet Disappearing, M1905M2, #33, Watertown 1914-1943 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 31 Mar 1919, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 100-101
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Jackson Plan 1919


World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Jackson were not affected by the World War I redistribution or the following 1920 disarmament program.

World War II (1941-1945)

Battery Jackson was a part of the Harbor Defenses of Pearl Harbor plan throughout World War II. When the war ended in 1945 the battery was declared surplus. The guns and carriages were ordered scrapped on 1 Nov 1944 at a time and place selected by the Commander of the Harbor Defense.

Current Status

Remains on Hickam Air Force Base, Honolulu, Honolulu County, Hawaii. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Hickam Air Force Base, Honolulu County, Hawaii

Maps & Images

Lat: 21.3185618 Long: -157.9561579

Sources:

  • Grobmeier, Alvin H., Officers of the U.S. Army and Others in Honor of whom Coast Artillery Forts and Batteries in Hawaii Have Been Named, CDSG News, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Nov. 1992), pp. 66-67

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