Battery Krayenbuhl (1900-1917) - Battery Krayenbuhl was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 5 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Mott, New Jersey. The battery was named in G.O. 46, 1901, after Capt. Maurice Krayenbuhl (Cullum 3342), who was killed in action near Meycauayan, Philippine Islands in March 1899. Battery construction started 5 Mar 1896, was completed in August 1897 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 19 Dec 1900 at a cost of $ 19,341.80. Deactivated in 1917.
Part of the Harbor Defense of the Delaware.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 5" M1897 guns mounted on M1896 balanced pillar carriages. This was a two-story battery with the guns on the upper level and two magazines below. Ammunition was served from the magazines by old style, back delivery, chain hoists. The hoists were accepted for service 19 Dec 1900. Electric power was furnished from Battery Arnold.
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The gun tubes of Battery Krayenbuhl were ordered dismounted on 24 Aug 1917 and were reported as dismounted and shipped in November 1917.
Gun emplacement #2 was modified in 1922 to include a plotting room and a BC station for Battery Arnold. The plotting room was placed in the magazine and the BC station was placed in the gun emplacement itself. Both modifications were accepted for service on 19 Aug 1922 at a total cost of $ 1050.00.
Part of Fort Mott State Park. No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 6 Aug 2010