Battery Meed

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Battery Meed (1902-1918) - Battery James Meed was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Pio Pico, San Diego County, California. The battery was named in G.O. 20, 25 Jan 1906, after Captain James Meed, 17th U.S. Infantry, who was killed in action at Frenchtown, Michigan, 23 Jan 1813, during the War of 1812. The Battery transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 10 May 1902 at a cost of $ 10,000. Deactivated in 1918.

Endicott Period (1890-1910)

Part of the Harbor Defense of San Diego.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 3" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 Pedestal mounts. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by hand. No shell or powder hoists were provided.

This battery was accepted in 1902 without guns or carriages. The M1903 carriages were mounted and turned over by the engineers on 26 Nov 1909 without guns. The guns arrived and were mounted by 13 Apr 1910.

Battery Meed Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 3" Rifle 170" M1903 69 Watervliet Pedestal Mount, M1903,
#66, Watertown
1910-1918 See note 1
2 3" Rifle 170" M1903 47 Watervliet Pedestal Mount, M1903,
#67, Watertown
1910-1918 See note 1
Source: RCB, 13 Apr 1910, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 74-75
Note 1: Guns and carriages to Fort Rosecrans, Battery McGrath 1918. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Meed Plan

World War I (1917-1918)

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Meed were transferred to Fort Rosecrans, Battery McGrath by 18 Jul 1918. They replaced the 5" guns that had been removed for service abroad.

Current Status

Destroyed, no period guns or mounts in place.

Location: Fort Pio Pico, San Diego County, California. Map point is approximate.

Maps & Images

Lat: 32.687462 Long: -117.226138

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