Battery Morris (1)

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Battery Morris (1) (1904-1946) - Battery Morris was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Hancock (2), New Jersey. The battery was named in G.O. 194, 27 Dec 1904, after Colonel Lewis O. Morris, 7th U.S. New York Volunteer Artillery (Capt. 1st U.S. Artillery), who was killed in action at Cold Harbor, Virginia, 4 Jun 1864. Battery construction started in 1904, was completed in 1904 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 7 Jun 1904 at a cost of $ 23,000.00. Deactivated in 1946.

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with four 3" M1903 guns mounted on M1903 pedestal mounts.

Battery Morris Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 3" Rifle 170" M1903 5 Watervliet Pedestal, M1903, #91, Detrick & Harvey 1904-1946 See note 1
2 3" Rifle 170" M1903 49 Watervliet Pedestal, M1903, #92, Detrick & Harvey 1904-1946 See note 1
3 3" Rifle 170" M1903 70 Watervliet Pedestal, M1903, #93, Detrick & Harvey 1904-1946 See note 1
4 3" Rifle 170" M1903 71 Watervliet Pedestal, M1903, #94, Detrick & Harvey 1904-1946 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 2 Apr 1928, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 74-75, 207
Note 1: Guns and carriages declared obsolete 18 Oct 1945, processed for salvage 28 May 1946. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery Morris Plan


World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The gun tubes of Battery Morris were not affected by the World War I redistribution program.

World War II

The guns and carriages were declared obsolete on 18 Oct 1945 and processed for salvage 28 May 1946.

Current Status

Part of the Gateway National Recreation Area, Fort Hancock Unit. No period guns or mounts in place.


Location: Fort Hancock, Monmouth County, New Jersey

Maps & Images

Lat: 40.4711633 Long: -74.007664

Sources:

Links:

Visited: 14 Aug 2010



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