Battery Shipp (1901-1917) - Battery Shipp was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 5 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Caswell, Brunswick County, North Carolina. The battery was named in G.O. 134, 1899, after 1st Lt. William E. Shipp (Cullum 2982), 10th U.S. Cavalry, who was killed 1 Jul 1898 in the charge up San Juan Hill, Cuba, during the Spanish-American War. Battery construction started 1898, was completed 1901 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 13 Aug 1901. A second gun was added to the battery with construction starting in 1904, completed in 1905 and transferred for use 24 Apr 1907. The final cost of both gun positions was $ 21,500.00. Guns removed in 1917 for shipment to France.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Cape Fear River.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with one 5" M1897 gun mounted an M1896 Balance Pillar carriage. A second position was added to the battery in 1905-7 and armed with another 5" M1897 gun mounted on an M1896 Balance Pillar carriage. The second gun and carriage came from Battery McDonough (1).
The battery was built as a two-story battery with the guns mounted on the upper level and two magazines on the lower level. No powder or shell hoists were provided. Electricity for lighting and utilities was originally provided by storage battery from Battery Bagley and later from the central power plant and the Battery Swift power plant.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Both of Battery Shipp's guns were ordered dismounted for use abroad on 24 Aug 1917 and transferred 31 Dec 1917 to Morgan Engineering for modification. Both guns were subsequently sent to France and later returned to Aberdeen after the end of the war. They were not returned to Battery Shipp. Both carriages were ordered scrapped 26 May 1920 as a part of the postwar disarmament program.
On the property of the North Carolina Baptist Assembly. No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 27 Jan 2010