Battery Taylor (1)
Battery Taylor (1) (1906-1942) - Battery George Taylor (1) was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Strong (2), Long Island, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. The battery was named after Brigadier General George Taylor, U.S. Volunteers, who died 31 Aug 1862, of wounds received in action at Bull Run, 27 Aug 1862, during the U.S. Civil War. Battery construction started in 1903, was completed in 1906 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 31 May 1906 at a cost of $ 21,000.00. The battery name along with the guns and carriages were transferred to Battery Taylor (2) at Fort Dawes in 1942.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 3" M1902MI guns mounted on M1902 Pedestal mounts. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by hand No shell or powder hoists were provided. Electrical power was furnished by the central power plant.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Taylor (1) were not affected by the World War I redistribution or the following 1920 disarmament program.
World War II (1941-1945)
Operated by The Boston Public Health Commission on Long Island, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Closed to the public, advanced permission required to visit. No period guns or mounts in place.