Duncanville Air Force Station
Duncanville Air Force Station (1952-1964) - A Cold War U.S. Air Force Radar Station established in 1952 during the Korean War. Located near Duncanville, Dallas County, Texas. Initially assigned a Permanent ID of P-78. Relocated to Perrin Air Force Station in 1964.
Established in 1952 and became operational in 1952 as Duncanville Air Force Station manned by the 745th Aircraft Control & Warning (AC&W) Squadron.
Initial equipment included two FPS-10 radars, one FPS-10 serving as search radar and one FPS-10 serving as a height-finder radar. In 1958 the FPS-10 being used as a height-finder radar was replaced by an FPS-6.
Note: Some sources indicate that the search radar was initially a CPS-6B but "Searching the Skies" below indicates that it was an FPS-10. The confusion might stem from the fact that the FPS-10 is a stripped down CPS-6B and the major components all had CPS-6B nomenclature tags. The differences in the CPS-6B and FPS-10 were "only in the number of indicators used, in the absence of B-scan indicators and in the telephone system. The AN/CPS-6 has more indicators, and its telephone system is supplied as part of the equipment." It would be very hard for on-site personnel to know they were dealing with an FPS-10 just by looking at it or even by working on it. See MIL-HDBK-162A below for the full explanation under the FPS-10 section.
NIKE System (1959-1968)
In 1959, the United States Army co-located an Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) DF-30DC at Duncanville Air Force Station for the Nike Missile air-defense system in the Dallas-Fort Worth Defense Area. The AADCP used the Duncanville AFS radar data with the Army "BIRDIE" system to provide local command and control over the Nike Hercules missile sites that were located around the Dallas area. SAGE System command and control was furnished by the Richards-Gebaur SAGE Direction Center DC-08 at Richards-Gebauer AFB, MO. Manual command and control was furnished by the command post at Oklahoma City AFS, OK. These missile sites were manned by Regular Army and National Guard units between 1960 to 1968 (see Dallas/Fort Worth NIKE Sites).
Duncanville was incorporated into BUIC I, a manual backup interceptor control system implemented in 1962. BUIC I provided limited command and control capability in the event the SAGE system was disabled.
The Pentagon announced the closure of Duncanville AFS on 26 Apr 1963. The closure was slated to take place in the fiscal year that would begin on 1 Jul 1963. Duncanville AFS was actually deactivated on 31 Jul 1964 and the 745th AC&W Squadron was moved to Perrin Air Force Base, near Sherman, Texas.