Fort Bowie (1862-1894) - Established 28 Jul 1862 by Major Theodore A. Coult, 5th U.S. Infantry, and named for Colonel George W. Bowie, California Volunteer Infantry. Abandoned 17 Oct 1892 and transferred to the Interior Department 14 Nov 1894. Also known as Camp Bowie (1).
Cavalry Barracks Ruins at Fort Bowie
Fort Bowie Site from Overlook
Fort Bowie History
Established during the U.S. Civil War to protect travel along the Tucson-Mesilla road, to protect the Apache Springs and to keep Confederate troops out of the region.
The post was built of adobe and stone with 412 feet of stone walls. In 1868 the post was moved from its original site to a nearby hill.
Fort Bowie and Apache Pass were the focal point of a bitter 30‑year conflict between the U.S. Military and the Chiricahua Apache Indians that ended with the surrender of Geronimo in 1886. The surrendered Chiricahua Apache Indians were moved to reservations in Florida and Alabama.
The post was abandoned 17 Oct 1894, transferred to the Interior Department 14 Nov 1894 and auctioned off to the public about two years later. The post buildings were sold 20 Jun 1911 and only the stone walls remained.
Fort Bowie Partial Commanders List (edit list)
||Evans, Andrew W.
||Beaumont, Eugene B.
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The Cullum Number is the graduation order from the United States Military Academy by year and class rank and links to a page for the officer on the website version of the Cullum Register. Listings without a Cullum Number indicate that the person was not a graduate of the United States Military Academy.
Ruins taken over by the National Park Service in 1964 and stabilized. Now Fort Bowie Historic Site. Ruins remain of both forts and the Butterfield Stage Station. Accessible from the towns of Bowie and Wilcox, Arizona. Fort and on-site visitor center accessible from unmanned trailhead 1.5 miles away. Handicapped access available.
Location: 20 miles East of Wilcox, Cochise County, Arizona, on Hwy 186 to the Bowie turn off and 8 miles on unpaved road to the Fort Bowie trailhead. Three mile, round trip, hike to the fort ruins.
Maps & Images
Lat: 32.1443 Long: -109.4362
Recent Blog Posts:
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 34-35
- Hart, Herbert M., Tour Guide to Old Western Forts, Pruett Publishing Co., Boulder CO, 1980, ISBN 0-87108-568-2, page 11
- Frazer, Robert W., Forts of the West, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman OK, 1965, ISBN 0-8061-1250-6, page 4
Visited: 2 Nov 2009
Fort Bowie Picture Gallery
Click on the picture to see a larger version. Contribute additional pictures - the more the better!
Fort Bowie On Site Visitor Center
Fort Bowie Ruins & Flagpole
Fort Bowie Cavalry Barracks Ruins
Fort Bowie Commanding Officer's House Ruins
Fort Bowie Cavalry Barracks Interior Ruins
Fort Bowie Corral & Wagon Remains