Fort Gaines (3)
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Fort Gaines (3) (1816-1865) - A Second System fort first established in 1816 by a detachment of the 4th U.S. Infantry on the Chattahoochee River in Clay County, Georgia. Named after General Edmund P. Gaines Abandoned in 1865.
Second System (1808-1816)
The first Fort Gaines was established 2 Apr 1816 by a detachment of 4th U.S. Infantry troops as small stockade with two opposing blockhouse in the corners. This fort was located on the edge of the boundary with the Creek Indian Nation. The post was garrisoned until about 1819 and it was dismantled about 1830.
The second Fort Gaines was built in May 1836 during the 1836 Creek Indian War. The Creek Indians, angered by settlers taking their lands, attacked the town of Roanoke, Georgia, in early May of 1836 and killed 12 inhabitants. The remaining population fled toward Fort Gaines and Columbus, Georgia. General Winfield Scott was called upon to put down the rebellion. By the end of 1836, the rebellion was over and the Creek Indians were being removed from their lands in what became known as the Trail of Tears. Thousands of Creek Indians died along the trail that led from Fort Mitchell in Alabama to Fort Gibson (1) in Oklahoma.
U.S. Civil War (1861-1865)
The third Fort Gaines was built during the U.S. Civil War by Confederate Troops. This third fort was located south of the town of Fort Gaines overlooking the Chattahoochee River. Artillery batteries and an arsenal were constructed on the site and they remained there until the end of the war.
One blockhouse is reconstructed in town representing the original for. One of the batteries and a surviving gun can still be seen at the site of the U.S. Civil War fort.
Location: Clay County, Georgia.
Maps & Images Lat: 31.6152778 Long: -85.0527778
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 222
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