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Fort Leland (1855-1856) - Established as a stockaded tavern by McDonough Harkness and Jesse H. Twogood on Grave Creek in Josephine County. The Oregon Volunteers used this fort during the Rogue River Indian War of 1855-56. Named after 16 year old Martha Leland Crowley an early emigrant who died and was buried on Grave Creek in 1846.
The stockade was built around a log wayside and the hotel at the town of Leland in Sunny Valley. It became the gathering point of a large force of regular army and volunteers and became known as Fort Leland.
Josephine County Oregon
USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Database Entry:
- Name: Fort Leland Type: Historical Class: Military ID: 1162727
- Location: Josephine County, Oregon, US, FIPS Code: 41033
- Latitude: 42.6392841, Longitude: -123.3900637, Elevation: 1201 Map: Glendale
- As Of: 1 Mar 1994
- Source: U.S. Board on Geographic Names
Location: Just north of the Grave Creek Covered bridge at the intersection of Leland Road and Sunny Valley Loop in Josephine County Oregon. Use exit 71 on Interstate 5 and go east on Sunny Valley Loop. Just before you cross the Grave Creek Covered Bridge there is an interpretive sign for the fort on the left.
Maps & Images Lat: 42.638793 Long: -123.377801
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 666
- Hart, Herbert M., Tour Guide to Old Western Forts, Pruett Publishing Co., Boulder CO, 1980, ISBN 0-87108-568-2, page 135
- Oregon Military History, Forts-Camps-Roads
- McArthur, Lewis A. & McArthur, Lewis L., Oregon Geographic Names, Oregon Historical Society Press; 7 edition (December 2003), 1073 pages, ISBN 0875952771, ISBN 978-0875952772, page 371
- Victor, Frances Fuller, The Early Indian Wars of Oregon: compiled from the Oregon Archives and other Original Sources with Muster Rolls, Farnk C. Baker, State Printer, Salem, Oregon, 1894, page 368
Visited: 27 Jun 2008
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