Texas Revolution (1835-1836) - The Texas Revolution or Texas War of Independence was fought from 2 Oct 1835 to 21 Apr 1836 between Mexico and the Texas (Tejas) portion of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. Also Known as the Texican Revolution.
The Texas Revolution came about with settler dissatisfaction with the rule of the Mexican government and a series of small military conflicts. The Revolution really began with the Battle of Gonzales in October 1835 where Texans repulsed a force of Mexican dragoons.
Mexican President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna entered Texas with his army in February 1836 and captured The Alamo at San Antonio killing nearly all the defenders. The few survivors of the Battle of the Alamo were ordered shot by Santa Anna and only a few women and children were spared. The massacre at the Alamo spurred the Texan railing cry of "Remember the Alamo".
Texan Colonel James W. Fannin's command at Presidio La Bahia at Goliad was ordered to Victoria but delayed their departure until 19 Mar 1836. They were caught near Coleto Creek by Mexican troops under General Jose de Urrea. Fannon was forced to surrender and his command was marched back to Goliad and imprisoned in the Presidio chapel at La Bahia. Santa Anna ordered the execution of the Texans and that order was carried out on 27 Mar 1836.
Santa Anna pursued the remains of Sam Houston's army toward Louisiana but he was surprised and defeated on 21 Apr 1836 at the Battle of San Jacinto. Santa Anna was captured and forced to sign the Treaties of Velasco which required all Mexican troops to retreat south of the Rio Grande. He secretly promised to acknowledge the Republic of Texas and to recognize the Rio Grande as the border.