Courtenay Bay Breakwater Battery
Courtenay Bay Breakwater Battery (1939-1946) - A coastal defense gun battery established in 1939 during World War II in Saint John Harbor, Saint John County, New Brunswick, Canada. Abandoned in 1946 after the end of the war.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Saint John.
A World War II coastal gun battery established in October 1939 on the tip of the Courtenay Bay Breakwater in Saint John Harbor. The battery was initially established with a World War I 18-pounder field mounted gun and automobile lights rigged to provide target lighting.
In 1942 a concrete gun emplacement and magazine was built on the breakwater along with two concrete searchlight shelters. The field gun was relocated to the Partridge Island Batteries and a rapid firing 18-pounder was emplaced in the new position.
In June 1944 the rapid firing 18-pounder was replaced by twin semi-automatic 6-pounders and a new concrete fire control tower was built behind the gun emplacement. The new fire control tower was built to resemble a lighthouse.
The battery was deactivated in 1946 after the end of the war.
No public access but viewable from shore or boat. The battery, magazine, fire control tower and one concrete searchlight shelter remain on the tip of the Courtenay Bay Breakwater. The second concrete searchlight shelter seems to be collapsed on the tip of the breakwater. No period guns or carriages are in place. In Saint John Harbor, Saint John County, New Brunswick, Canada
Visited: 19 Jun 2013