Fort Simcoe (1856-1859) - Established on 8 Aug 1856 during the Yakima War by Major Robert Seldon Garnett (Cullum 1085), and Companies G and F of the 9th U.S. Infantry Regiment. The fort was located at the "bubbling spring" on Toppenish Creek near the site of Haller's defeat, Yakima County, Washington. Major Garnett was the first commander at Fort Simcoe. Abandoned in 1859 and became Yakima Indian Agency.
Fort Simcoe History
Fort Simcoe was designed by architect Louis Scholl who also designed Fort Dalles. It had blockhouses at each corner of the post but no stockade, each blockhouse was a standalone fortification. A 420' square parade ground was surrounded by officers' quarters, log and frame barracks, and service buildings within the boundaries defined by the blockhouses.
Behind the buildings surrounding the parade were the servant's quarters, laundress quarters, kitchens, and latrines. The post garrisoned about 350 personnel.
The fort was used as the Yakima Indian Agency beginning in 1859 after the garrison transferred to Fort Colville. It was abandoned in 1923. The state leased the state park property from the Yakima Nation in 1953. In 1956, Fort Simcoe became a state park, and in 1974 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
Must See! The fort has been restored and contains three original officers' quarters (1857-1858), one original blockhouse (1856), and the original Commandant's House (1857-1858). In addition to the five original buildings, four buildings have been replicated including a barracks, a guardhouse, and two blockhouses. The four original officer's quarters have period furnishings. This is a fine example of the 1850s Washington Indian wars period forts and is probably the most complete. The park is located some 30 miles to the west of Toppenish in Yakima County on the Yakima Indian Reservation. Access from I-82 or US 97 at Toppenish. The grounds are open daily from April 1 to October 1 but the restored officers' quarters with interior furnishing and the interpretive center are currently open to the public from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., 'Wednesday through Sunday. Tours the rest of the year may be made by appointment, call 509-874-2372. (as of 2016)
Visited: 22 Aug 2016