Brookfield Air Force Station

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Brookfield Air Force Station (1951-1959) - A Cold War U.S. Air Force Radar Station established during the Korean War. Located near Brookfield Center, Trumbull County, Ohio. Initially assigned a Permanent ID of P-62. Activation allowed the closure of Lashup site L-18 at Ravenna. Closed in 1959 when the squadron relocated to Oakdale Air Force Station, Ohio.

History

Established in 1951 and became operational in April 1952 as Brookfield Air Force Station manned by the 662nd Aircraft Control & Warning (AC&W) Squadron.

Initial equipment included the FPS-3 search radar and one FPS-5 height finder radars. The FPS-5 height finder radar was replaced with a FPS-4 and then with a FPS-6.

The site was programmed to receive a SAGE System Annex in 1956-1957 but an attempt was made to cancel it in 1956 when it became known that the site would be moving to Oakdale Air Force Station in 1959.

Closure

Brookfield AFS was deactivated on 1 Nov 1959 and the 662nd AC&W Squadron relocated to Oakdale Air Force Station, Ohio. The GATR Radio site remained open into the 1970s maintain by an operating location of the 662nd as GATR Site R-12.

Gap Fillers

Brookfield AFS was responsible for the maintenance of two remote unattended gap filler radar sites. The unattended gap filler sites were placed in locations where the main search radar lacked coverage. These sites were equipped with short range FPS-14 or FPS-18 search radars and FST-1 Coordinate Data transmitters that sent digitized radar target data to a SAGE direction center and to the main radar site. Both the radar set and the FST-1 were dual channel to increase site up time. Maintenance teams were dispatched for regularly scheduled maintenance or when fault indicators on the FSW-1 remote monitoring equipment suggested the site had problems. The FSW-1 also allowed remote operation of specific functions such as channel changes for the radar and for the FST-1, it also allowed remote operation of the diesel generators at the gap filler site. The Brookfield AFS gap filler radars were located at Thompson OH and Lewisville OH.

Brookfield AFS Gap Filler Radar Sites (edit list)
ADC NORAD Location State Type From To GPS Notes
P-62A Thompson OH FPS-18, FST-1 1958-09 1968-06 41.68597,
-81.04389
Building gone
Tower gone
P-62B Lewisville OH FPS-14, FST-1 1957-08 1963-08 39.75648,
-81.22767
Building exists
Tower gone

Physical Plant

The physical plant of the site was divided into a main site, a cantonment area, a housing area and two radio sites. The main site housed the operations buildings, the radar towers, and the backup generators. The cantonment area housed the enlisted barracks, the bachelor officer's quarters, the orderly room, the dining hall, the motor pool and other support buildings. Just northwest of the the cantonment site was a small 9 unit housing area for married personnel.

Brookfield AFS Composite Plan.


Brookfield AFS Major Equipment List
Search Radar HF Radar Data Systems Radio
Unit Designations
  • 662nd Aircraft Control & Warning (AC&W) Squadron (1952-1959)
662nd Assignments
  • 1 Jan 1951 - Assigned at Ravenna, OH, assigned to the 541st AC&W Gp
  • Oct 1951 - Moved to Brookfield AFS, OH.
  • 6 Feb 1952 - Transferred to 30th AD.
  • 16 Feb 1953 - Transferred to 4708th Def Wg.
  • 8 Jul 1956 - Transferred to 30th AD.
  • 1 Apr 1959 - Transferred to Detroit ADS.
  • 1 Nov 1959 - Deactivated Brookfield AFS

  • 1 Nov 1959 - Moved to Oakdale, PA.
  • 15 Jun 1960 - Transferred to Syracuse ADS.
  • 15 Jul 1960 - Redesignated from AC&W Sq to 662nd Radar Sq (SAGE).
  • 4 Sep 1963 - Transferred to Detroit ADS.
  • 1 Apr 1966 - Transferred to 34th AD.
  • 15 Sep 1969 - Reassigned to 33rd AD.
  • 31 Dec 1969 - Inactivated.


Brookfield Air Force Station Partial Commanders List (edit list)
Assumed Relieved Rank Name Cullum Notes
1952~ Colonel Matthews, D.E. N/A
1954~ 1956~ Major Helton, John A. N/A
1956~ Major Kowalke, Vern N/A

Current Status

Many buildings remain but in deteriorated condition and vandalized. The operations building remains. Four of the nine housing units remain, the others replaced by a water tower. Some remains of radar towers and radio sites.


Location: Near Brookfield Center in Trumbull County, Ohio.

Maps & Images

Lat: 41.21917 Long: -80.56222

See Also:

Sources:

  • Cornett, Lloyd H. & Johnson, Mildred W., A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization (1946-1980), Office of History ADC, Peterson AFB, Colorado, 31 Dec 1980, 179 pages, Pdf, page 158.
  • Winkler, David F., Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program, USAF Hq Air Combat Command, 1997, 192 pages, Pdf, page 147.
  • USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) Database Entry: 2086912

Links:

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