Battery Jesup

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Battery Jesup (1899-1918) - Battery Jesup was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 10‑inch coastal gun battery on Fort Fremont, South Carolina. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after Brigadier General and Bvt. Major General Thomas S. Jesup, U.S. Army, who served with distinction in the War of 1812 and the Florida war, and died 10 Jun 1860, at Washington D.C. The Battery was transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 2 Sep 1899 at a cost of $ 124,293.85. Deactivated in 1918.

Battery Jesup Gun Emplacement and Magazine #3
Battery Jesup Shell Hoist and Loading Platform
Battery Jesup View from the Rear

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of Port Royal Sound.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 10" M1888MII guns and one 10" M1895 gun all mounted on M1896 carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns located on the upper level and the magazines below. Shells were moved from the magazine level to the gun loading platform by three Taylor-Raymond projectile hoists. Electrical power was furnished by an emplacement power plant.

Battery Jesup Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 10" Rifle 369.15" M1895 9 Watervliet Disappearing, M1896, #52, Watertown 1899-1918 See note 1
2 10" Rifle 367.25" M1888MII 34 Bethlehem Disappearing, M1896, #32, Watertown 1899-1918 See note 1
3 10" Rifle 367.25" M1888MII 15 Bethlehem Disappearing, M1896, #56, Bethlehem 1899-1918 See note 1
Source: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 211, 124-125
Note 1:

World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. Battery Jesup's M1895 gun was transferred to Sandy Hook Proving Ground 2 Jan 1918 and not returned. Both of the M1888MII guns were transferred to Watervliet 19 Jul 1918 for overseas shipment. The war ended before the guns were shipped overseas and they were not returned to Fort Fremont.

Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place.

Location: Fort Fremont, Beaufort County, South Carolina

Maps & Images

Lat: 32.305924 Long: -80.642679

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Visited: 25 Jan 2010

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