Battery Krayenbuhl

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Battery Krayenbuhl (1900-1917) - Battery Krayenbuhl was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 5 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Mott, New Jersey. The battery was named in G.O. 46, 1901, after Capt. Maurice Krayenbuhl (Cullum 3342), who was killed in action near Meycauayan, Philippine Islands in March 1899. Battery construction started 5 Mar 1896, was completed in August 1897 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 19 Dec 1900 at a cost of $ 19,341.80. Deactivated in 1917.

Fort Mott, Battery Krayenbuhl Gun Emplacement #2, Battery Arnold BC
Fort Mott, Battery Krayenbuhl Gun Emplacement #1

Endicott Period

Part of the Harbor Defense of the Delaware.

Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 5" M1897 guns mounted on M1896 balanced pillar carriages. This was a two-story battery with the guns on the upper level and two magazines below. Ammunition was served from the magazines by old style, back delivery, chain hoists. The hoists were accepted for service 19 Dec 1900. Electric power was furnished from Battery Arnold.

Battery Krayenbuhl Armament (edit list)
Model Serial
Manufacturer Carriage Service
1 5" Rifle 225" M1897 6 Watervliet Balance pillar, M1896, #24, Detrick & Harvey 1900-1917 See note 1
2 5" Rifle 225" M1897 8 Watervliet Balanced pillar, M1896, #25, Detrick & Harvey 1900-1917 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, 7 Jan 1921, Coast Defense Study Group, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 88-89, 208
Note 1: Guns transferred to Morgan 1917, carriages scrapped 28 Nov 1919. CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA

World War I

The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The gun tubes of Battery Krayenbuhl were ordered dismounted on 24 Aug 1917 and were reported as dismounted and shipped in November 1917.

Gun emplacement #2 was modified in 1922 to include a plotting room and a BC station for Battery Arnold. The plotting room was placed in the magazine and the BC station was placed in the gun emplacement itself. Both modifications were accepted for service on 19 Aug 1922 at a total cost of $ 1050.00.

Current Status

Part of Fort Mott State Park. No period guns or mounts in place.

Location: Fort Mott, Salem County, New Jersey

Maps & Images

Lat: 39.6043449 Long: -75.5540138

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Visited: 6 Aug 2010

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