Camp Ojo Caliente

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Camp Ojo Caliente (1859-1861, 1877-1882) - A U.S. Army camp first established in 1859 in Socorro County, New Mexico. Abandoned in 1861 at the beginning of the U.S. Civil War. Reestablished in 1879 during the late Apache Wars. Abandoned in 1882. Also known as Post of Ojo Caliente.

History of Camp Ojo Caliente

Established in 1859 as an outpost of Fort Craig. Nine adobe buildings were built and the post was garrisoned by troops from Fort Craig. Abandoned after the beginning of the U.S. Civil War in 1861.

Reestablished in 1879 as the Apache Wars flared up. Garrisoned by elements of the 9th U.S. Cavalry, "Buffalo Soldiers". In September 1879 the herd of Company E was attacked by a band of Apache under Victorio. The entire guard was killed and the Apache made off with the whole herd, 46 horses, 18 mules and 4 officer's horses. Victorio and his band attacked Fort Tularosa in May 1880 but were driven off when reinforcements arrived. Victorio was forced to flee to Mexico where he was killed later in 1880.

The post was abandoned in the spring of 1882, the last post return is dated March 1882.

Current Status


Location: Near Monticello in Socorro County, New Mexico. Map point is from the GNIS coordinates and may not be accurate.

Maps & Images

Lat: 33.5320116 Long: -107.5936501

  • Multi Maps from ACME
  • Maps from Bing
  • Maps from Google
  • Elevation: 6,814'

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