Fort Huachuca (1877-Active) - First established as Camp Huachuca 3 Mar 1877 by Captain Samuel M. Whitside Company B, 6th U.S. Cavalry, under the orders of Colonel August V. Kautz. Named Fort Huachuca after the Huachuca mountains in 1882. Active U.S. Army Post.
Established to protect settlers and travel routes and to block hostile Apache Indian escape routes into Mexico. The site was selected because of its strategic location, sheltering hills, and good water.
The Apache threat was ended with the surrender of Geronimo in 1886. Fort Huachuca was kept open because of its strategic border position. The base was home to the "Buffalo Soldiers" of the 10th U.S. Cavalry for twenty years. They were a part of the 1916 Pershing expedition into Mexico.
World War I
During World War I the 10th U.S. Cavalry out of Fort Huachuca was assigned to guard the U.S. - Mexico border.
World War II
The fort expanded to over 70,000 Acres during World War II and had quarters for 1,251 Officers and 24,437 Enlisted personnel. Overall troop strength reached 30,000 at the post. After the war ended the post was had no significant mission and the fort was declared surplus and transferred to the State of Arizona.
The post was reactivated during the Korean War by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and in 1954 became the Signal Corps and the Electronics Proving Ground (EPG). In 1967, Fort Huachuca became the home of the U.S. Army Strategic Communications Command which has evolved into the U.S. Army Network Enterprise Technology Command (NETCOM)/9th Army Signal Command. In 1971 the post became the home of the U.S. Army Intelligence Center and School. In October 1990, the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command became the new host command. The Installation Management Command now operates the post.
Active U.S. Army post. Fort Huachuca was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.
Visited: 30 Oct 2019, 1 Nov 2009