Fort McGarry

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Fort McGarry (1865-1868) - A U.S. Army post established as Camp Summit Lake in 1865 by Major Albert G. Brackett, 1st U.S. Cavalry, in Humboldt County, Nevada. Renamed Fort McGarry after Colonel Edward McGarry, 2nd California Volunteer Infantry. Abandoned in 1868. Also known as Camp McGarry.


Located near the shore of Summit Lake above the Applegate Cutoff to Oregon and protecting the Idaho-California mail and stage roads. Probably established 23 Nov 1865 as Camp Summit Lake by Major Albert G. Brackett, 1st U.S. Cavalry. Initially established as a field camp and later as a more permanent post with stone buildings and a parade. For a short time the post became the headquarters for the military District of Nevada that include Fort McGarry and Fort Bidwell in California.

The post covered 75 square miles and came to include officers' quarters, mess hall, barracks and a 100-horse stone barn constructed 12 miles south of the fort.

The post was abandoned 18 Dec 1868 and turned over to the Interior Department 25 Mar 1871.

Current Status

Very isolated location, stone post building ruins remain around a rectangular parade. Located on Summit Lake Indian Reservation, Humboldt County, Nevada.

Location: Summit Lake Indian Reservation, Humboldt County, Nevada.

Maps & Images

Lat: 41.5435090 Long: -119.0257416

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  • Elevation: 5987'



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