Fort Miley (1899-1948) - Established as an Endicott Period coastal fort in 1899 to guard the entrance to San Francisco Harbor. Located at Point Lobos, San Francisco County, California. Named in G.O. 43, 4 Apr 1900, after Lt. Col. John D. Miley, U.S. Volunteers, 1st Lt., 2nd U.S. Artillery (Cullum 3193), who died 19 Sep 1899 in the Philippine Islands. Closed in 1948.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of San Francisco.
On 27 Nov 1899 work began on Battery Livingston, a massive mortar battery with 16, 12-inch mortars mounted. The battery was completed in 1902 and split into two batteries (Livingston and Springer) in 1906. Two mortars were removed from the front of each mortar pit in 1906 to give more room to service the remaining mortars. Battery Chester was completed 1903 with two 12" guns on disappearing carriages.
World War I (1917-1918)
In 1915 Battery Call was built to house two 5" guns moved from Battery Ledyard, Fort McDowell (1).
World War II (1941-1945)
Battery Chester continued its harbor defense role until 1943 when the threat from Japan eased and its armament was scrapped. Construction on Battery 243 was begun that same year as a part of a coastal defense modernization program. The battery was not armed until after World War II in 1948 and was disarmed in 1949. Battery Lobos with two 6" pedestal guns was operational from 1943-1945 and the AMTB Lands End Battery was operational from 1943 to 1948.
Most of the original Army buildings were demolished in 1934 to allow construction of the Fort Miley Veterans Administration Hospital. One original army ordnance storehouse survives as a maintenance building for the National Park Service and the remains of several Endicott Period batteries and World War II Battery 243 are around the perimeter of the hospital.
Visited: 22-23 Aug 2009