Fort Monmouth (1917-2011) - A U.S. Army post established as the Signal Corps Camp in 1917 during World War I in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Functioned as a research and development site for military electronics systems. Held various names until 1925 when it became a permanent post named Fort Monmouth. Deactivated in 2011 per the 2005 BRAC Commission. Also known as Camp Monmouth Park, Camp Little Silver and Camp Alfred Vail. Camp Coles and Camp Charles Wood were ancillary posts from Fort Monmouth.
History of Fort Monmouth
Established 17 Jun 1917 during World War I as the only Signal Corps post in the U.S. The post name changed several times before 1925 when it became a permanent post and the name was changed to Fort Monmouth. Fort Monmouth functioned as a research and development site for military electronics systems.
During World War II additional property was purchased for three additional ancillary camps, Camp Coles near Red Bank, Camp Evans in Wall Township and Camp Charles Wood in Tinton Falls. The total acreage for Fort Monmouth during World War II was 1,713 acres. The post had billeting for 1,559 officers and 19,786 enlisted personnel. The main post housed the Officer Candidate School (OCS) for Signal Corps officers, over 21,000 new second lieutenant Signal Corps officers were graduated during the war.
After World War II Fort Monmouth continued as the home of the U.S. Army Signal Corps until that function was transferred to Fort Gordon, Georgia in the 1970s. Other tenants over the years have included the United States Military Academy Preparatory School (from 1975 to 2011, when the school was transferred to West Point).
The 2005 BRAC commission recommend the closure of Fort Monmouth and the recommendation was approved in the BRAC process. The Fort Monmouth closing ceremony took place on 15 Sep 2011.
Fort Monmouth Reuse and Redevelopment Area near Oceanport, Monmouth County, New Jersey