Marshall Military Reservation

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Marshall Military Reservation (1776-1947) - A World War II sub-post of Fort Moultrie built upon the ruins of Revolutionary War and U.S. Civil War posts. Closed in 1947.

Revolutionary War

A battery was constructed here in 1776 by Colonel William Thompson to stop the British invasion from the Isle of Palm.

U.S. Civil War

Battery Marshall was constructed here in March 1863 by Confederate troops during the U.S. Civil War and named after Colonel J. Foster Marshall. This battery was located on the eastern end of Sullivan's Island, overlooking Breach Inlet, in Charleston Harbor. In 1865 its armament consisted of 14 various calibered smoothbores, rifles, and howitzers.

The Confederate submersible H.L. Hunley reportedly departed from this location on 17 Feb 1864 on her successful mission to sink the USS Housatonic. The USS Housatonic had been on Union blockade-duty in Charleston's outer harbor. The Hunley sank after the attack, killing all eight of her crew. The site of the Hunley was discovered in 1996 and the ship was raised in 2000. The Hunley is on display at the Warren Lasch Conservation Center in North Charleston, South Carolina.

World War II

During World War II the Marshall Military reservation was a busy sub-post of Fort Moultrie with barracks and support facilities for the main Fort. Battery 520 was constructed here in 1943 and housed two, 12" Long Range rifles mounted in Casemate Barbette Carriages. These guns were transferred from Battery Kimble, Fort Travis (2), Texas. The Battery was deactivated in 1947 and the area now contains private homes.

On 18 May 1944, an SCR-296-A Radar set was installed and accepted for service as a gun laying radar primarily for Battery 520 and secondarily for Battery 230. See Marshall MR WWII Radar Site.

Marshall MR World War II Battery (edit list)
Click on Battery links below
No. Caliber Type Mount Service Years Notes
Battery 520 2 12" LR Casemate Barbette Carriage 1944-1947 Navy Guns, 1940 Program
Guns from Battery Kimble, Fort Travis (2)
Battery B - Fort Moultrie 4 155mm Panama Mount 1942-1947
Source: CDSG
Marshall Military Reservation Plan 1945 Showing Battery 520 and the 155mm Battery on the Shore.

Current Status

Private property & public beach. Battery 520 has been converted into private housing. Battery B - Fort Moultrie has some traces of Panama mounts on the beach.

Location: Sullivans Island, South Carolina

Maps & Images

Lat: 32.771886 Long: -79.816747

See Also:



Visited: 2 Feb 2013, 23 Jan 2010

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