Battery 212

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Battery 212 (1943-1948) - Battery 212 was a reinforced concrete, World War II 6 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Church, Newport County, Rhode Island. Battery construction started on 10 Nov 1941, was completed on 15 Oct 1942 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 24 Jul 1943 at a cost of $ 202,905.00. Deactivated in 1948.

World War II

Part of the Harbor Defense of Narragansett Bay.

Originally built as an World War II concrete coastal gun battery with two 6" M1903 rapid fire guns mounted on M1 Shielded Barbette Carriages (SBC) placed on either side of an earth covered reinforced concrete support structure.


6" Gun at Fort Columbia Originally at Fort McAndrew, Battery 281, Argentia, Canada
These 6" World War II coastal gun batteries were designed to replace obsolete Endicott Period Batteries. Of the 87 planned only 45 were completed and many of those were not completed until late in the war (1944-1945).

The 6" guns fired a 105 pound armor-piercing projectile with a range of over 15 miles at a rate of up to 5 rounds per minute. The gun crews were protected by a thick shield around the gun. Only six of these guns remain in the world, two at Fort Columbia in Battery 246, two at Fort Pickens in Battery 234, and two at Fort McAndrew in Battery 282 in Argentia, Canada.

6" Gun Crew


Battery 212 Armament (edit list)
Empl
No
Caliber
Type
Barrel
Length
Model Serial
No
Manufacturer Carriage Service
Dates
Notes
1 6" Rifle 310" M1903 22 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
M1, #94, Wellman
1943-1948 See note 1
2 6" Rifle 310" M1903 65 Watervliet Shielded Barbette (SBC),
M1, #95, Wellman
1943-1948 See note 1
Source: RCW Form 1, Aug 1944, CDSG, Berhow, Mark A. ed, American Seacoast Defenses: A Reference Guide, 2nd Edition, CDSG Press, McLean, VA, 2004, ISBN 0-9748167-0-1, pages 104-105, 204
Note 1: CDSG Gun Card Collection from NARA
Battery 212 Plan


Current Status

No period guns or mounts in place. "The main house on the estate was built on top of Battery 212. One gun mount supports a pool and the other a shed. The enclosed portion of the battery is being used by the owner as a basement." from FUD site # D01RI033100.


Location: Fort Church, Newport County, Rhode Island

Maps & Images

Lat: 41.459736 Long: -71.188432

Sources:

  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Narragansett Bay, (HDNARB-AP-45), 1 Feb 1945, CDSG

Links:

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Battery 212 Picture Gallery

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