Battery Drew (1900-1917) - Battery Drew was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 8 inch coastal gun battery on Fort McDowell (1), Angel Island, San Francisco County, California. The battery was named in G.O. 16, 14 Feb 1902 after 1st Lt. Alfred W. Drew (Cullum 3446), 12th U.S. Infantry, who was killed in action at Angles, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 19 Aug 1899. Battery construction started in 1898, was completed in 1898 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 1 May 1900 at a cost of $ 34,836.82. Deactivated in 1917.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of San Francisco.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with one 8" M1888MII gun mounted on a M1892 Barbette carriage. The Battery had no shell hoists and no powder hoists because the munitions were stored on the same level as the gun loading platform. The electric plant was a 10 hp Hornsby-Akroyd oil engine belted to a 6 kw, 120 volt Eddy Generator used primarily for lighting.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere.
On 24 Aug 1917 the gun at Battery Drew was ordered dismounted for use abroad. The M1888MII gun tube was removed from Battery Drew 31 Dec 1917 and shipped to Watervliet Arsenal. The gun tube was moved among several storage locations and was finally listed as "Being Salvaged" at Watervliet 28 Jul 1942. The carriage was scrapped at Fort McDowell (1) 21 Oct 1918.
Angel Island California State Park. No gun or mounts in place.
Visited: 29 Aug 2009