Fort John Custis
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Fort John Custis ((1940-1981) - Established in 1940 as Fort Winslow to complement Fort Story in protecting the entrance to Chesapeake Bay. Renamed Fort John Custis in G.O. 49, 1 Oct 1942, after Captain John Parke Custis, USA. The Fort closed in 1948 and was occupied by Cape Charles Air Force Station from 1949 to 1981. Also known as Fort Custis.
World War II (1941-1945)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Chesapeake Bay.
Click on Battery links below
|No.||Caliber||Type Mount||Service Years||Battery Cost||Notes|
|1941-1943-1943-1948||$ 1,531,866||Navy Gun|
(16" 1940 Program)
|Not Built||$ ?||Navy Gun|
(16" 1940 Program)
|Battery 228||2||6"||Shielded Barbette (SBC)||1942-1943-1943-NA||$ 230,398||Buried|
|Battery 227||2||6"||Shielded Barbette (SBC)||1942-1943-1943-1965||$ 271,352||Guns to|
|Battery AMTB 20 - Fishermans Island||2||3"||Pedestal Mount||1942-1942-1944-1944||$ 16,465||Guns from|
Battery Lee (2),
|Battery AMTB 24 - Fishermans Island||2||90mm||Fixed AMTB||1942-1943-1944-1946||$ 6,937|
|Battery 155 - Fishermans Island||4||155mm||Mobile
Cold War (1947-1991)
The U.S. Air Force created the Cape Charles Air Force Station as Lashup site L-15 here in Apr 1950 manned by the 771st AC&W Squadron. Closed 1 Jun 1981 as the 771st Radar Squadron (Sage) and became the property of the US Fish & Wildlife Service in 1984.
The Fort property is now the Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge.
Location: Located on the tip of Cape Charles, Virginia at the entrance to Chesapeake Bay.
Maps & Images Lat: 37.133543 Long: -75.956375
- Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 812
- U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Chesapeake Bay, (HDCB-AP-45), 1 Nov 1945, CDSG
- North American Forts - Fort John Custis
- Coastal Defense Study Group, CDSG Press, CDSG Digital Library
Visited: 26 Jul 2010
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