Battery Connell (1901-1917) - Battery Connell was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 5 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Mansfield (1), Washington County, Rhode Island. The battery was named in G.O. 30, 19 Mar 1902, after Capt. James W. Connell, 9th U.S. Infantry, who was killed in the massacre at Balangiga, Island of Samar, Philippine Archipelago, on 28 Sep 1901. Battery construction started in 1898, was completed in 1900 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 18 Feb 1901 at a cost of $ 14,000. Deactivated in 1917.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Long Island Sound.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 5" M1900 guns mounted on M1903 Pedestal carriages. This is a two level battery with the guns on the upper level and the magazines below. No shell or powder hoists provided. Electrical power provided by emplacement power plant in Battery Wooster.
World War I
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns from Battery Connell were removed to Fort H.G. Wright in 1917 and the carriages were ordered scrapped 13 Dec 1920.
No period guns or mounts in place. The battery structure is in the surf.