Fort Hamilton (1)
Fort Hamilton (1) (1825-Current) - Originally designed as a Third System Coastal Defense fort constructed 1825-1831 to protect the New York Narrows from the Brooklyn side of the river in Kings County, New York. Named after Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the U.S. Treasury. Active military post.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Southern New York. Originally established to protect the Narrows entrance to New York Harbor.
Fort Hamilton was built as a small dual-purpose fort providing seaward and landward defenses at the New York Narrows, the site of present-day Verrazano Narrows Bridge. Construction was started on 11 Jun 1825 with the laying of the cornerstone by the French engineer, Simon Bernard. The Fort was completed in 1831 and first garrisoned on 1 Nov 1831 by Battery F, 4th U.S. Artillery.
U.S. Civil War (1861-1865)
Fort Hamilton's garrison expanded during the U.S. Civil War and in 1863 it was called upon to help put down the New York City draft riots.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Between 1893 and 1905 eleven reinforced concrete Endicott Period gun batteries were built on the Fort Hamilton reservation. In June of 1908 the batteries of Fort Hamilton, Fort Wadsworth, Fort Schuyler (1) and Fort Hancock (2) participated in a mock battle against an invading force that saw most of the gun batteries firing at towed targets with reduced charges. The first day of the exercise saw the batteries firing full charges for calibration of the weapons. The Regular Army Coast Artillery units were paired up with National Guard units to maximize the training experience. In addition to the damage done to on-post and off-post buildings and property caused by concussion, two members of the 9th Coast Artillery were killed by "blowback" from one of the guns of Battery Dix at Fort Wadsworth. The pictures above and those in the gallery below show Fort Hamilton's participation in that event.
World War I (1917-1918)
During World War I Fort Hamilton was a processing center for hundreds of thousands of American troops shipping out to France.
World War II (1941-1945)
Fort Hamilton is an active duty Army post with 5000 full-time active duty personnel serving 126 Army Reserve units, 100,000 military retirees, and numerous Department of Defense agencies throughout the greater New York City metropolitan area. A part of the U.S. Army Military District of Washington.