Battery AMTB 945
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Battery AMTB 945 (1943-1946) - Battery AMTB 945 was a reinforced concrete World War II AMTB rapid fire 90mm gun battery on Fort Heath, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Battery construction started in 1943, was completed in 1943 and transferred to the Coastal Artillery for use in 1943. Deactivated in 1946.
Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.
The AMTB battery at Fort Heath consisted of two 90mm guns mounted on 90mm M3 fixed gun mounts, two 90mm guns mounted on 90mm M1A1 mobile gun mounts and two 37mm guns on mobile mounts. Concrete pads were provided for both fixed guns and often wooden gun platforms were provided for the mobile guns. Electric power was provided by M-7 portable generators.
The battery had a dual mission of defense against fast enemy motor torpedo boats and enemy aircraft. The effective range of the guns was about 8,000 yards or 4.5 miles. Each weapon required a crew of 15, 9 men in the gun squad and 6 men in the ammunition squad.
From FM 4-91: "This weapon consists of the 90-mm gun M1 and top carriage M1A1 on the 90-mm gun mount M3. The mount M3 is of the turret type, the shielding being constructed of boiler plates. This boiler plate shield provide fragmentation protection only. No shielding is provided at the rear due to the requirements for service of the piece. A sighting port in the shielding in front permits sighting in direction by the gun pointer."
Destroyed and over built. No period gun or mounts in place.
Location: Fort Heath, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. map point approximate.
Maps & Images
Lat: 42.388281 Long: -70.966822
- U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project of Boston, Massachusetts, (HDB-AN-45), 31 Jan 1945, CDSG
Battery AMTB 945 Picture Gallery
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