Fort Heath (1895-1965) - An Endicott Period Coastal Fort first established as Grover's Cliff Military Reservation (1895-1899) in 1895 near Winthrop, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Named Fort Heath in G.O. 43, 4 Apr 1900, after William Heath, a delegate from Massachusetts to the Federal Constitutional Convention, who served faithfully and honorably as a Major General in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. Abandoned in 1965.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Boston, Massachusetts.
Battery Winthrop with three 12" guns was accepted for service at Fort Heath on 4 Oct 1901. Only one permanent building was built at Fort Heath, a 12 man detachment barracks in 1901. The post was garrisoned by detachment from Fort Banks (2).
World War I (1917-1918)
The post was expanded during World War I by the addition of two temporary barracks and a temporary mess hall. Two 3" anti-aircraft emplacements were built and armed during the war. In 1922 the original 12 man detachment barracks was converted into NCO quarters for a caretaker. In 1934 a third anti-aircraft gun pad was constructed and in 1935 the three AA positions were designated Anti-Aircraft Battery #4. The 1938 plan of the fort shows all of the World War I temporary buildings removed leaving only the original barracks/caretaker quarters building.
World War II (1941-1945)
The 30 Jun 1940 Quartermaster report for the post shows the post capacity at 1 NCO with only a single habitable building. By the next Quartermaster report on 30 Jun 1941, the post capacity was 10 officers, 1 NCO and 242 enlisted personnel. Three 63 man barracks, one set of officers quarters, a mess hall, firehouse, post exchange and a day room had all been constructed in the intervening year. Additionally, there was tent space for 104 of the enlisted personnel.
The guns and carriages of Battery Winthrop were obsolete before the beginning of the war and they were directed to be salvaged on 28 Dec 1943. A new 90mm AMTB gun battery was built in 1943 with two fixed positions and two mobile positions. The three anti-aircraft guns were approved for relocation to Fort Ruckman on 9 Jan 1942.
Army Air-Defense Command Post (AADCP) for the Nike missile defenses of Boston (1960-1964). The Air Force 820th AC&W Squadron operated Air Defense Command (ADC) radars at Fort Heath until 1966 when the FAA took over the station. The FAA moved to North Truro AFS, on Cape Cod in the 1990s.
All Military sites are destroyed and overbuilt.
Visited: 10 Jun 2012