Battery Baker (1900-1920, 1904-1945) - Battery Baker was a reinforced concrete, Endicott Period 3 inch coastal gun battery on Fort Totten (3), New York. The battery was named in G.O. 78, 25 May 1903, after 1st Lt. William L. Baker, 4th U.S. Artillery, who was killed 17 Sep 1862 at the Battle of Antietam, Maryland, during the U.S. Civil War. Construction on the first two emplacements started about 1897, was completed 6 Aug 1900 and transferred to the Coast Artillery for use 6 Aug 1900. The second two emplacements were transferred for service 5 May 1904. The total cost of the battery was $ 18,150.00. Deactivated in 1945.
Endicott Period (1890-1910)
Part of the Harbor Defense of Eastern New York.
Originally built as an Endicott Period concrete coastal gun battery with two 3" M1902MI guns mounted on M1902 Barbette carriages and two 3" M1898MI guns mounted on M1898 masking parapet carriages. This was a two story battery with the guns mounted on the upper level and a magazine for each emplacement located on the lower level. No shell or powder hoists were provided.
World War I (1917-1918)
The U.S. entry into World War I resulted in a widespread removal of large caliber coastal defense gun tubes for service in Europe. Many of the gun and mortar tubes removed were sent to arsenals for modification and mounting on mobile carriages, both wheeled and railroad. Most of the removed gun tubes never made it to Europe and were either remounted or remained at the arsenals until needed elsewhere. The guns of Battery Baker were not affected by the World War I redistribution but the two M1898MI guns were removed during the 1920 disarmament program and the carriages were scrapped.
World War II (1941-1945)
The two remaining M1902MI guns and carriages were salvaged 18 Oct 1945, at the end of World War II.
No period guns or mounts in place.
Visited: 21 Aug 2010