Camp Hayden

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Camp Hayden (1941-1948) - A World War II Coastal Artillery Camp established in 1941 as Striped Peak Military Reservation at Tongue Point, Clallam County, Washington. Named Fort Hayden in G.O. 31, 17 Apr 1944, after Brigadier General John L. Hayden, former commanding officer of the Puget Sound harbor defenses. Renamed Camp Hayden in G.O. 56, 22 Oct 1942. The post was abandoned by the U.S. Army in 1948.

Camp Hayden, Battery 131 Gun Emplacement #2
Camp Hayden, view of the RV Park

World War II (1941-1945)

Part of the Harbor Defense of Puget Sound.

In 1941, temporary batteries were installed near Port Angeles and Angeles Point to protect the entrance to Puget Sound, the Victoria BC harbor, and the Canadian naval base at Esquimalt. These batteries supplemented the fixed batteries at Fort Casey (1), Fort Flagler and Fort Worden.

Camp Hayden Plan

The temporary installations were eventually replaced by the Camp Hayden military reservation and its two fixed gun batteries. Battery 249 contained two 6" guns and Battery 131 housed two large 16" guns mounted in reinforced concrete casemates. The 16" guns could fire a one ton projectile almost 28 miles and the 6" rapid fire guns could fire a 105 pound armor-piercing shell 15 miles at a rate of 5 rounds per minute. The guns were test-fired only once before the Camp closed in 1948.

A separate plotting and Switchboard Room (PSR) for Battery 131 is located 900 feet south of the main battery. The PSR has 12-15 foot thick walls and a 16 foot roof covered with 3 feet of earth, all to isolated the PSR from the concussion of the 16" guns and to protect it from any incoming fire. Inside the PSR ia a 24' by 32' plotting room and an 18' by 24' switchboard room used to direct the fire of the 16" guns. The PSR was self contained with a power plant and gas proof air lock. A small escape hatch exits through the roof. Battery 131 had eleven fire control structures associated with it strung along the shore of the Juan De Fuca Straights. The eleven stations included a battery command post (BC), nine combined observation and spotting stations and SCR 296 radar set #4.

The plotting room for Battery 249 was built into the battery support structure. Nine fire control structures were associated with Battery 249. The nine stations included a battery command post (BC), seven combined observation and spotting stations and SCR 296 radar set #3.

Camp Hayden Auxillary HECP-HDCP Plan

An auxillary HECP-HDCP was located on the water facing side of nearby Striped Peak at the 900' level. The auxiliary HECP-HDCP worked in conjunction with the main HECP-HDCP at Fort Worden to manage the ship traffic entering and exiting Puget Sound and to manage the defense of the Sound. The HECP-HDCP at Striped Peak was equipped with SCR-682 radar #2.

Facitities, including temporary barracks for about 150 men, were build along Salt Creek.

Camp Hayden World War II Batteries (edit list)
Battery
Click on Battery links below
No. Caliber Type Mount Service Years Battery Cost Notes
Battery 249 2 6" Shielded Barbette (SBC) 1943-1945-1945-1947 $ 350,000
Battery 131 2 16" Casemated Barbette (CBC) 1942-1945-1945-1948 $ 1,557,500
Source: CDSG


Camp Hayden World War II Fire Control Structures (edit list)
Location Site Type Station Accepted Cost Off. Enl. Elev.
Camp Hayden 17 Aux HECP 31 Mar 1944 $ 138,746 2 12 940
17 HDCP BN-4 3 8 945
17 SCR 682 #2 23 Oct 1944 $ 1,000 3 950
17 Met-Signal MS 30 Mar 1944 $ 16,000 1 7 46
17 Battery 131 BC-1, BS-1 30 Mar 1944 $ 12,300 1 8 406
17 PSR P12 20 Jun 1944 $ 197,500 70
17 Battery 249 BC-1, BS-1 30 Mar 1944 $ 12,300 1 8 355
17 Plotting Room P11 278
17 SCR 296 #3 2 Jun 1944 17,270 8 686
Tongue Point 17 Battery 131 BS-6 30 Mar 1944 $ 7,000 4 37
17 Battery 249 BS-4 4
Agate Rock 19 Battery 131 BS-2 30 Mar 1944 $ 20,000 4 403
19 Battery 249 BS-2 4
Gettysburg 20 Battery 131 BS-7 30 Mar 1944 $ 7,700 4 62
20 Battery 249 BS-5 4
Majestic 21 Battery 131 BS-3 31 Mar 1944 $ 27,045 4 330
21 Battery 249 BS-3 4
21 SCR 296 #4 28 Aug 1944 $ 14,850 7 344
Twin 22 Battery 131 BS-4 31 Mar 1944 $ 17,200 4 815
Pillar Point 23 Battery 131 BS-5 31 May 1944 $ 52,990 4 587
Elwha East 15 Battery 131 BS-9 7 Jul 1942 $ 14,000 4 96
15 Battery 249 BS-7 4
Elwha West 16 Battery 131 BS-8 7 Jul 1942 $ 10,000 4 125
16 Battery 249 BS-6 4
Total $ 565,901 8 117
Source: CDSG
BC: Battery command post
BS: Combined battery observation and spotting station

Current Status

Part of the Clallam County Salt Creek Recreation Area in Washington State. No period guns or carriages in place. Battery 131 accessible to the public but no access to internal rooms. Battery 249 accessible via overgrown trail not recommended by staff.


Location: Camp Hayden is located off Washington Hwy. 112 on strip of land called Tongue Point, Callum County, Washington, west of Port Angeles.

Maps & Images

Lat: 48.163824 Long: -123.698587

Recent Blog Posts:

Sources:

  • Roberts, Robert B., Encyclopedia of Historic Forts: The Military, Pioneer, and Trading Posts of the United States, Macmillan, New York, 1988, 10th printing, ISBN 0-02-926880-X, page 832
  • U.S.Army, Supplement to the Harbor Defense Project, Harbor Defenses of Puget Sound, (CCA-AN-PS), 12 Aug 1945, CDSG

Links:

Visited: 14 Apr 2010, 22 Jun 2009

Camp Hayden Picture Gallery

Click on the picture to see a larger version. Contribute additional pictures - the more the better!

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